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New view of dispersants used after Deepwater Horizon oil spill

Mon, 08/28/2017 - 15:00

New research has uncovered an added dimension to the decision to inject large amounts of chemical dispersants above the crippled seafloor oil well during the Deepwater Horizon disaster in 2010.

The dispersants, scientists have found, may have significantly reduced the amount of harmful gases in the air at the sea surface -- diminishing health risks for emergency responders and enabling them to keep working to stop the spill and clean it up sooner.

The results were published ...
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Paleontologists discover new species of sauropod dinosaur in Tanzania

Thu, 08/24/2017 - 10:00

Paleontologists have identified a new species of titanosaurian dinosaur. The research is reported in a paper published this week in the Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology and is funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF).

The new species is a member of the gigantic, long-necked sauropods. Its fossil remains were recovered from Cretaceous Period (70-100 million years ago) rocks in southwestern Tanzania.

Titanosaur skeletons have been found worldwide, but are best ...
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New NSF awards will bring together cross-disciplinary science communities to develop foundations of data science

Thu, 08/24/2017 - 09:00

The National Science Foundation (NSF) today announced $17.7 million in funding for 12 Transdisciplinary Research in Principles of Data Science (TRIPODS) projects, which will bring together the statistics, mathematics and theoretical computer science communities to develop the foundations of data science. Conducted at 14 institutions in 11 states, these projects will promote long-term research and training activities in data science that transcend disciplinary boundaries.

"Data is ...
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NSF issues first Convergence awards, addressing societal challenges through scientific collaboration

Thu, 08/24/2017 - 08:55

Throughout its history, the National Science Foundation (NSF) has focused on addressing grand challenges within science and engineering. These challenges represent our greatest opportunity to strengthen the nation through scientific discovery, and meeting them will require sustained and deep collaborations across scientific disciplines.

Through its Growing Convergent Research at NSF portfolio, the foundation seeks to highlight the value of Convergence, the deep integration of ...
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'First taste' video released from citizen science project capturing entire U.S. transit of solar eclipse

Tue, 08/22/2017 - 16:40

For most Americans in the path of totality, Aug. 21 was spent in awe of the first transcontinental solar eclipse in 40 years. For the scientists and volunteers at the National Science Foundation (NSF) National Solar Observatory (NSO) Citizen CATE (Continental-America Telescopic Eclipse) project, the 90-minute eclipse event meant participating in a historic science experiment. The project is the first to collect research-quality observations of the sun's corona during the transit across the ...
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NSF makes new awards for graduate education projects

Tue, 08/22/2017 - 09:50

The National Science Foundation (NSF) has awarded $4.8 million for 10 new projects that will pilot, test and validate innovative and potentially transformative ways to teach science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) in graduate education.

The awards are part of the NSF Innovations in Graduate Education (IGE) program, designed to connect students with multiple career paths, support diversity and inclusion in graduate schools, and test approaches aimed at improving ...
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Federal S&E obligations to universities, colleges fell 2 percent between fiscal years 2014 and 2015

Wed, 08/16/2017 - 16:56

In Fiscal Year (FY) 2015, federal agencies obligated $30.5 billion to 1,016 academic institutions for science and engineering (S&E) activities, a 2 percent decrease in current dollars from the $31.1 billion in obligations to 1,003 academic institutions in FY 2014.

These statistics are from the Survey of Federal Science and Engineering Support to Universities, Colleges, and Nonprofit Institutions (Federal S&E Support Survey) from the National Center for Science and ...
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NSF funds new multidisciplinary approaches to study the brain

Mon, 08/14/2017 - 10:06

The National Science Foundation (NSF) made 19 awards to cross-disciplinary teams from across the United States to conduct innovative research focused on neural and cognitive systems. Each award provides a research team with up to $1 million over two to four years.

The awards will contribute to NSF's investments in support of Understanding the Brain and the BRAIN Initiative, a coordinated research effort that seeks to ...
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10 new awards support ecological research at regional to continental scales

Thu, 08/10/2017 - 12:00

The National Science Foundation (NSF) has issued 10 new awards, worth a total of $12.2 million, through its MacroSystems Biology and Early NEON (National Ecological Observatory Network) Science program. These awards will support research to help better detect, understand and predict the effects of phenology, climate and land-use changes on living systems, and also predict the feedbacks to the environment that cross local and continental scales.

"The scientific community has seen a ...
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Laser mapping project shows effects of physical changes in Antarctica's Dry Valleys

Tue, 08/08/2017 - 11:43

Researchers funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) have publicly released high-resolution maps of Antarctica's McMurdo Dry Valleys, a globally unique polar desert.

The high-resolution maps cover 3,564 square kilometers of the McMurdo Dry Valleys and allow researchers to compare present-day conditions with lower-resolution LIDAR surveys conducted almost 13 years ago.

Scientists from Portland State University led the new research project, which mapped the area using ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=242558&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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Extreme melt season leads to decade-long ecosystem changes in Antarctica's Dry Valleys

Tue, 08/08/2017 - 11:30

An abnormal season of intense glacial melt in 2002 triggered multiple distinct changes in the physical and biological characteristics of Antarctica's McMurdo Dry Valleys over the ensuing decade, new research funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) shows.

The findings suggest that abrupt, short-lived climate events can cause long-term alterations in polar regions that unfold over the span of several years and subsequently change the overall trajectory of an ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=242559&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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What's killing trees during droughts? Scientists have new answers.

Mon, 08/07/2017 - 11:00

Find related stories on NSF's Macrosystems Biology program and Critical Zone Observatory Sites.

As the number of droughts increases globally, scientists are working to develop predictions of how future parched conditions will affect plants, especially trees.

New results published today in ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=242634&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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Rare audio of indigenous languages saved by invention 100 years later

Mon, 08/07/2017 - 00:00

Non-invasive technology allows researchers to transfer recordings from thousands of decaying wax cylinders
Full story at https://www.nsf.gov/news/special_reports/science_nation/waxcylinders.jsp?WT.mc_id=USNSF_51


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Methane-eating bacteria in lake deep beneath Antarctic ice sheet may reduce greenhouse gas emissions

Fri, 08/04/2017 - 13:20

An interdisciplinary team of researchers funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) has concluded that bacteria in a lake 800 meters (2,600 feet) beneath the West Antarctic Ice Sheet may digest methane, a powerful greenhouse gas, preventing its release into the atmosphere.

As part of the NSF-funded Whillans Ice Stream Subglacial Access Research Drilling (WISSARD) project, the researchers successfully ...
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