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NSF makes new awards for graduate education projects

Tue, 08/22/2017 - 09:50

The National Science Foundation (NSF) has awarded $4.8 million for 10 new projects that will pilot, test and validate innovative and potentially transformative ways to teach science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) in graduate education.

The awards are part of the NSF Innovations in Graduate Education (IGE) program, designed to connect students with multiple career paths, support diversity and inclusion in graduate schools, and test approaches aimed at improving ...
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Federal S&E obligations to universities, colleges fell 2 percent between fiscal years 2014 and 2015

Wed, 08/16/2017 - 16:56

In Fiscal Year (FY) 2015, federal agencies obligated $30.5 billion to 1,016 academic institutions for science and engineering (S&E) activities, a 2 percent decrease in current dollars from the $31.1 billion in obligations to 1,003 academic institutions in FY 2014.

These statistics are from the Survey of Federal Science and Engineering Support to Universities, Colleges, and Nonprofit Institutions (Federal S&E Support Survey) from the National Center for Science and ...
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NSF funds new multidisciplinary approaches to study the brain

Mon, 08/14/2017 - 10:06

The National Science Foundation (NSF) made 19 awards to cross-disciplinary teams from across the United States to conduct innovative research focused on neural and cognitive systems. Each award provides a research team with up to $1 million over two to four years.

The awards will contribute to NSF's investments in support of Understanding the Brain and the BRAIN Initiative, a coordinated research effort that seeks to ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=242719&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click

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10 new awards support ecological research at regional to continental scales

Thu, 08/10/2017 - 12:00

The National Science Foundation (NSF) has issued 10 new awards, worth a total of $12.2 million, through its MacroSystems Biology and Early NEON (National Ecological Observatory Network) Science program. These awards will support research to help better detect, understand and predict the effects of phenology, climate and land-use changes on living systems, and also predict the feedbacks to the environment that cross local and continental scales.

"The scientific community has seen a ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=242764&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click

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Laser mapping project shows effects of physical changes in Antarctica's Dry Valleys

Tue, 08/08/2017 - 11:43

Researchers funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) have publicly released high-resolution maps of Antarctica's McMurdo Dry Valleys, a globally unique polar desert.

The high-resolution maps cover 3,564 square kilometers of the McMurdo Dry Valleys and allow researchers to compare present-day conditions with lower-resolution LIDAR surveys conducted almost 13 years ago.

Scientists from Portland State University led the new research project, which mapped the area using ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=242558&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click

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Extreme melt season leads to decade-long ecosystem changes in Antarctica's Dry Valleys

Tue, 08/08/2017 - 11:30

An abnormal season of intense glacial melt in 2002 triggered multiple distinct changes in the physical and biological characteristics of Antarctica's McMurdo Dry Valleys over the ensuing decade, new research funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) shows.

The findings suggest that abrupt, short-lived climate events can cause long-term alterations in polar regions that unfold over the span of several years and subsequently change the overall trajectory of an ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=242559&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click

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What's killing trees during droughts? Scientists have new answers.

Mon, 08/07/2017 - 11:00

Find related stories on NSF's Macrosystems Biology program and Critical Zone Observatory Sites.

As the number of droughts increases globally, scientists are working to develop predictions of how future parched conditions will affect plants, especially trees.

New results published today in ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=242634&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click

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Rare audio of indigenous languages saved by invention 100 years later

Mon, 08/07/2017 - 00:00

Non-invasive technology allows researchers to transfer recordings from thousands of decaying wax cylinders
Full story at https://www.nsf.gov/news/special_reports/science_nation/waxcylinders.jsp?WT.mc_id=USNSF_51

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Methane-eating bacteria in lake deep beneath Antarctic ice sheet may reduce greenhouse gas emissions

Fri, 08/04/2017 - 13:20

An interdisciplinary team of researchers funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) has concluded that bacteria in a lake 800 meters (2,600 feet) beneath the West Antarctic Ice Sheet may digest methane, a powerful greenhouse gas, preventing its release into the atmosphere.

As part of the NSF-funded Whillans Ice Stream Subglacial Access Research Drilling (WISSARD) project, the researchers successfully ...
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Primary mirror delivered to Daniel K. Inouye Solar Telescope

Thu, 08/03/2017 - 17:31

The primary mirror for the National Science Foundation (NSF) Daniel K. Inouye Solar Telescope (DKIST) -- the heart of this sophisticated instrument -- was successfully delivered Aug. 2 to its destination atop Haleakalā on Maui, Hawaii.

When completed in 2020, DKIST will be the world's largest solar telescope, providing scientists with new insights into the physics of the sun and a better understanding of how space weather affects satellites, the power grid, and other ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=242744&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click

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NSF EPSCoR awards new projects to help understand connections between genes and organisms' characteristics

Wed, 08/02/2017 - 08:45

The National Science Foundation (NSF) has made eight awards totaling $41.7 million for projects aimed at building capacity to research a national priority area: understanding the relationship in organisms between genetic material, or genotype, and physical characteristics due to gene expression and environmental influences, or phenotype.

The genotype-to-phenotype relationship has significant societal ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=242233&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click

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NSF issues awards to advance a national research infrastructure for neuroscience

Tue, 08/01/2017 - 16:53

The National Science Foundation (NSF) has made 17 Next Generation Networks for Neuroscience (NeuroNex) awards to aid the research community as it pursues one of its grandest challenges: understanding the brain.

These projects will support the development of innovative, accessible and shared capabilities and resources, as well as theoretical frameworks and computational modeling to advance neuroscience research.

NSF's NeuroNex awards will bring together researchers across ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=242652&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click

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Projected precipitation increases are bad news for water quality

Fri, 07/28/2017 - 16:44

Increased precipitation from a changing climate could pollute U.S. waterways with excess nitrogen, increasing the likelihood of severe water quality impairment from coast to coast, according to a new study by scientists Eva Sinha and Anna Michalak of the Carnegie Institution for Science and Venkatramani Balaji of Princeton University.

The results are published in this week's issue of the journal Science.

The effects will be especially strong in the Midwest and ...
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NSF-funded supercomputer Stampede2 forges new frontier in advanced computing

Fri, 07/28/2017 - 11:07

The National Science Foundation (NSF) today realized the initial phase of its $30 million investment to upgrade the nation’s computational research infrastructure through the dedication of Stampede2, one of the most powerful supercomputing systems in the world. Based at the Texas Advanced Computing Center (TACC) at The University of Texas at Austin, this strategic national resource will ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=242528&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click

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